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JNR's steam locomotive C61 class

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C61 18 Mar.1974 Miyazaki Depot
After the Pacific War, freight traffic declined, but on the contrary, passenger demand increased significantly, resulting in a shortage of locomotives for passenger service. So the type C61, a sub-trunk line locomotive, was built, combining a surplus D51 freight boiler and a newly built C57 running gear. From 1947 to 1949, 33 were converted and manufactured by Hitachi and Mitsubishi. To reduce axle weight, the C57's single-axle railing wheel (or trailing axle) was replaced with two axles, making it the first locomotive in Japan with a 4-6-4 axle arrangement. The type C62 was built at the same time for main line use, but unlike the type C62, the type C61 had a more subdued presence and was last used in Kyushu until 1974. Currently, 2 are being preserved dynamically (refers to locomotives that have been preserved in a ready-to-operate state, and/or are still running today): 1 by JR East, and 1 by JR West for operation inside the Kyoto Railway Museum. There are 2 others preserved in Kagoshima and Fukuoka Prefectures.

Data of C61
Whell arrangement 4-6-4 Heating Surface(m2) 221.50
Loco. Weight in Working Order(t) 79.46 Loading Capacity of Water(m3) 17.0
Weight on Driving Wheels(t) 41.1 Loading Capacity of Coal(t) 10.0
Tender Weight in Working Order(t) 48.24 Height of Boiler Cube center(mm) 2,530
Max Axle Weight(t) 13.7 Length(mm) 20,375
Diameter of Driving Wheel(mm) 1,750 Height(mm) 3,980
Cylinder Dimensions(mm) 500X660 Length of Locomotive(mm) 12,900
Boiler Pressure(kg/cm2) 15.00 Length of Tender(mm) 7,475
Grate Area(m2) 3.27 Gauge 1,067mm(3'6")

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